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After the Patristic epoch the teaching of the Church regarding almsgiving did not vary throughout the ages. Thomas Aquinas has admirably summarized this teaching during the medieval period (St. xxx-xxxiii, De Misericordiâ; De Beneficentiâ; De Eleemosynâ). Where the absence of aid leads to serious reverses, in goods or fortune, indigence is serious or pressing. Nay, more likely in the more acute forms of such indigence those commodities which may in some measure tend to future social advantages must be taxed to succour this indigence (Suarez, loc. Organized charity is furthered by the concerted action of persons in their private capacity or by the official proceeding of those whose position binds them to seek the temporal well-being of all classes in society.No writer of modern times has so admirably epitomized the position of the Church as Leo XIII (Encyclicals, Rerum Novarum , 15 May, 1891; Graves de Communi, 18 Jan, 1901). The conjunction of genuine indigence in the poor and ability to minister relief in the rich, is necessary to concrete the obligation of almsgiving (St. Where the quest for the necessaries of life involves considerable trouble, indigence is common or ordinary. For charity does not bind anyone to employ extraordinary means in order to safeguard his own life (St. The various corners of the globe are studded with institutions of divers kinds, reared and maintained by the generosity of private parties.Materially, there is scarcely any difference between these two views; formally, they are essentially different. Whoso is actually obliged to relieve extreme or pressing indigence must give whatever is necessary to ameliorate existing conditions. Transitory almsgiving Such cases of indigence as frequently fall under the eye of sympathetic observers constitute the subject-matter of transitory almsgiving.This is why the inspired writer says: "Blessed is he that considers the needy and the poor " ( Psalm 40:2 ) -- not he that gives to the needy and the poor. It is not an easy matter to determine what amount must be given as alms to those labouring under ordinary indigence. Alphonsus, whose view in this matter is shared by many modern moralists, holds that an outlay corresponding to two per cent of temporalities superfluous to social prestige suffices to satisfy the obligation, because were all concerned to adopt this method ordinary indigence could easily be remedied. Physicians, attorneys, artisans, are bound to render their services to the poor unless provision is made for them at public expense. Though the notion of almsgiving embodies the donation of commodities necessary to lighten human misery, moralists admit that it is sufficient to lend an object whose use alone serves to meet a neighbour's need (St. Though charity organizations have multiplied their sphere of usefulness, special cases of indigence, more readily and effectually reached by individual attention, will always abound.; 1 Corinthians 16:1 ; Galatians ), the ministry of deacons and deaconesses were simply the inauguration of that world-wide system of Christian charity which has circumscribed the globe and added another testimony to the Divinity of that Church which directs her ministrations towards the alleviation of human misery in every shape and form (Lecky, History of European Morals, II, 100, 3d ea., New York, 1891). Diversity of actual conditions circumscribing the needy, specify the character of indigence. So abundantly have her labours been blessed that her success has evoked the admiration of her sworn enemies (Encyclical, Rerum Novarum, tr., 18).The Fathers of the Church frequently and unequivocally inculcated the necessity of almsgiving. Where the necessaries of life are wanting, or where imminent peril threatens vital interests, indigence is extreme. To a neighbour in serious or pressing indigence, alms must be given by using such commodities as are superfluous in relation to present social advantages. The history of yesterday and the experience of today prove that the Church is still the poor man's friend.While these spells are still considered “Black magic” by many wiccans, many wiccans and pagans will feel comfortable using some form of these spell. How to place a blackmagic curse If you want to be updated when I create new content and add to these hexes, join the mailing list below.
But the laws and judgments of men must yield to the laws and judgments of Christ the true God, who in many ways urges on His followers the practice of almsgiving (Encyclical, Rerum Novarum, 14, 15; cf. Community of goods ( Acts ), collections in church ( Acts sqq. To the Church belongs the credit of taking the initiative in promoting systematized effort for the welfare of the needy.
Though labour enables the poor to win their dally bread, accidents, illness, old age, labour difficulties, plagues, war, etc. This does not imply an obligation of answering every call, but rather a readiness, to give alms according to the dictates of well-regulated charity (Suarez, loc. Organized almsgiving At the same time, many worthy poor people are too sensitive to appeal to private persons, while many undeserving persons assume the role of professional mendicants to extort aid from those whose sympathy is easily moved, and whose purse strings are loosened to answer every call.
frequently interrupt their labours and impoverish them. 5, ad 2am), For "it is one thing to have a right to possess money, and another to have a right to use money as one pleases." How must one's possessions be used? Moreover, how much better to forestall than to relieve indigence.
In so much as the obligation of almsgiving is coextensive with the obligation of charity, everyone falls under the law. The obligation of almsgiving extends to this triple indigence. The transgression of this obligation involves a mortal sin. Nor is a wealthy individual obliged to imperil his social standing to aid a neighbour in extreme need (La Croix, Theol. Human misery in its various stages, from the cradle to the grave, finds therein a haven of consolation and rest, while the prayers of inmates, legion in number, call the blessing of Him who is the Father of the poor, upon the heads of those whose liberality proves that the charity of the brotherhood defies limitation.
The donor, however, must be entitled to dispose of what he contributes, because almsgiving usually implies that the beneficiary acquires a title to whatever his benefactor gives. Scripture and the Fathers speak indiscriminately of the poor, the needy, and the indigent without restricting the obligation of almsgiving to any particular species of indigence. Nevertheless, the better to determine the character of this obligation in the concrete, it is necessary to consider the character of temporalities in those who hold property. Nevertheless no one, however wealthy, is obliged to take extraordinary measures to assist a neighbour even in direful straits, e.g. Though admirable and far-reaching in its influence, privately organized charity is incapable of effectually coping with the divers forms of misery.